Demographic Insights Into College-Going Students in India: A Morphological Analysis

Md. Shahariar Kabir
Research Scholar, Department of Physical Education, School of Humanities and Liberal Arts, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
Sunita Yadav
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, School of Humanities and Liberal Arts, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
Triloki Prasad
Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal, National Council of Educational Research & Training, New Delhi, India
Subhashis Biswas
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, School of Humanities and Liberal Arts, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

Published 30-12-2023


  • Anthropometry,
  • Somatotype,
  • Body composition,
  • Morphology,
  • Lean Body Mass

How to Cite

Kabir, M. S., Yadav, S., Prasad, T., & Biswas, S. (2023). Demographic Insights Into College-Going Students in India: A Morphological Analysis. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 3(2), 69–77.



Introduction: In the context of India's diverse culture and changing education system, it is crucial to understand the morphological characteristics of college students, especially with the government actively supporting sports through initiatives like the "Khelo India" program to aid young athletes.  The purpose of the study was to investigate the morphological characteristics of college-level athletes and non-athletes in India. Methods: 287 college students have been randomly selected to acquire a comprehensive set of demographic and anthropometric data. Results: The study revealed significant differences in body mass index (p=0.004), endomorphy (p=0.001), ectomorphy (p=0.02), and body fat percentage (p=0.001). However, no significant difference in mesomorphy (p=0.09) was identified, and only minimal differences in fat-free mass (p=0.57) were observed. College-level athletes exhibit an ectomorphic-mesomorphic physique (2.9-3.9-3.0), characterized by a distinct blend of muscularity and leanness. Non-athletes are mesomorphic-endomorphs (5.0-4.3-2.4), exhibiting higher body fat content and muscularity. Athletes had a significantly lower body fat percentage, highlighting the positive influence of sports training and regular physical exercise on reducing adiposity. The analysis of percentile rankings provides comprehensive insights into the distribution of anthropometric metrics among athletes and non-athletes, assisting in customizing training regimens, identifying areas for potential improvement, and enhancing a comprehensive assessment of individuals' physical characteristics. Conclusion: The study sheds light on the crucial role of morphological traits in discerning differences between college-level athletes and non-athletes within the broader context of the "Fit India Movement." The study will help design an effective training module to improve the overall health of college students.


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