International Journal of Kinanthropometry https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok International Journal of Kinanthropometry (IJK) is the official journal of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). The International Journal of Kinanthropometry is a Bilingual publication both in English and Spanish. The journal is an open-access peer-reviewed journal which will be published biannualy (June and December) The journal welcomes manuscripts on original research within the frame work of Kinanthropometry. en-US editorinchief@ijok.org (Anup Adhikari Ph.D) support@iorpress.org (Support Team) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.7 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 President’s Message for the 2nd Edition of the ISAK Journal https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/24 <p>It is with pleasure that ISAK announces the second edition of the International Journal of Kinanthropometry which will showcase research in the area of Anthropometry and its applications.&nbsp; As with the first issue, significant COVID pressures continue to hamper the production sequence. Thus, contributions have once again been by invitation and evaluated for acceptability by the editorial team. Henceforward, a formal review process will be strictly adhered to and the Journal will only publish refereed scientific papers plus research reviews and case studies.</p> <p>Once again, we have an interesting selection of papers for you to read and I thank all contributors for both their research and their willingness to share it with us.</p> <p>Our sincere gratitude for this production goes to the Journal’s Editor-in-Chief, Dr Anup Adhikari and the publication team led by Dr Babu Balraj from IOR Press all of whom have had to deal with significant challenges posed by the pandemic.</p> Mike Marfell-Jones Copyright (c) 2022 Mike Marfell-Jones https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/24 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Diagnóstico y clasificación del sobrepeso y la obesidad: comparación de criterios https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/25 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Child overweight and obesity has become one of the main public health problems. There are several causes and factors which take part in the development of this pathology and influence their emergence at early ages, which adds complexity to prevention strategies and treatment. Therefore, it is of interest to have accurate criteria and tools which permit us to establish rapid diagnoses. The target is to describe and compare the different diagnosis reference/criteria to diagnose overweight and obesity in children (from 0 to 18 years old), as well as assess the similarities and differences among them to select the most suitable one to obtain a diagnosis among the Spanish population.<strong> Methods: </strong>568 articles have been located and after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, four applicable systems/criteria have been selected for the diagnosis of overweight and obesity in the Spanish population. Results: The study of the selected criteria has shown differences in the population used for their development, in the ages for which they are recommended, in the criteria used for the diagnosis of overweight and obesity and also in the type and quantity of measures necessary to make a correct diagnosis.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>All systems have both, advantages and limitations so in each specific study it is advisable to analyze which is the most appropriate criteria depending on the study population and the objectives.</p> Zaira Roca-Reina, Mar Lozano-Casanova, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Ana Gutierrez-Hervás, José Antonio Hurtado-Sánchez, Isabel Sospedra Copyright (c) 2022 Zaira Roca-Reina, Mar Lozano-Casanova, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Ana Gutierrez-Hervás, José Antonio Hurtado-Sánchez, Isabel Sospedra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/25 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Classification of junior Ethiopian football players using anthropometric and physical fitness attributes: Developing a predictive model https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/26 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of the present study was to develop a predictive model that identifies the anthropometric and physical fitness characteristics that best predicts the status and playing positions of players (N=400; 15–17 years) in the Ethiopian male youth soccer development programme. <strong>Methods:</strong> Anthropometric measurement in terms of mass, height, relative body fat, and derived body composition was conducted using the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) guidelines. Fitness was measured by sprint tests (10 meters, 20 meters and 40 meters flat), the Illinois agility test, vertical jump test and estimated VO<sub>2 </sub>max. Factorial ANOVA was used to test the relationships between players’ residence, position, and respective interaction terms. Additionally, discriminant analysis was used to identify the variables that contributed to the selections. <strong>Results:</strong> Players residing in a Sports Camp (academy) vs. their homes were significantly different in all anthropometric attributes as well as physical fitness attributes at p&lt;0.05 except VO<sub>2 </sub>max. The percentage of players who were correctly classified in the original groups was slightly lower than the percentage calculated after the analysis was performed for the total sample (86%) and after calculation by position (86 – 90%). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study concluded that speed assessed in10m, 40m, vertical jump, and height were the discriminate attributes of Ethiopian junior football players selected or not selected to an elite group residential sports camp. It is recommended that anthropometrical and physical fitness attributes are considered in the assessment and selection of young football players with the potential for higher-level performance selection.</p> Leyekun Tadesse, Johan van Heerden, Orthodox Tefera Copyright (c) 2022 Leyekun Tadesse, Johan van Heerden, Orthodox Tefera https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/26 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison of physical and anthropometrical parameters of teen-age male rowers, kayakers, canoers and sedentary school children https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/27 <p><strong>Aim: </strong>It is to compare anthropometrical and physical parameters of teen-aged young male rowers, kayakers, canoers and control population. <strong>Methods: </strong>Our study was carried on 173 children (n=53 rowers, age=16.24±1.51 years; n=38 kayakers, age= 17.0±3.99 years; n= 37 canoers, age= 15.1±0.53 years; and control group, n=45, age=15.0±0.46). Several bio-parameters, body height (cm), body weight (kg) and (body mass index) (kg/m<sup>2</sup>), skin fold thickness (mm)&nbsp; biceps, triceps, sub-scapula, supra-illiac and calf, diameters of humorous and femur (cm), arm length (cm), arm span (cm), fore leg length (cm), thigh length (cm), foot length (cm), upper arm length, fore arm length (cm), shoulder breadth (cm), trunk length (cm), thigh and calf girth (cm), body fat percentage, the grip strength (right and left ) hands, trunk flexibility, relative back strength, sit up, push up&nbsp; were measured. <strong>Results: </strong>Body height (cm) of male rowers was higher than male canoers and control group (p&lt;0.05). Standing broad jump (cm) of male rowers was significantly higher than kayakers and control group (p&lt;0.05). Flexibility of male rowers was significantly higher than male canoers and control group (p&lt;0.0.5). Relative back strength (kg) of male rowers, kayakers and canoers was significantly higher than control group. Sit up /minute of male canoers was significantly higher than both male rowers (p&lt;0.01) and kayakers (p&lt;0.05). Push up/minute of male canoers was noted higher significantly than control group (p&lt;0.01) and kayakers and rower (p&lt;0.05). The arm span of rowers was significantly higher than control group (p&lt;0.01) and kayakers and canoers (p&lt;0.05). Fore arm length (cm) of male rowers was significantly higher than control group (p&lt;0.01). It was also found higher in male kayakers and canoers than control group (p&lt;0.05). <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Our athletes have significant difference in some parameters as they are well trained and the control group has no such previous training at all.</p> Tamoghni Manna, Snehunsu Adhikari, Alak Kumar Syamal Copyright (c) 2022 Tamoghni Manna, Snehunsu Adhikari, Alak Kumar Syamal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/27 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Electromyographic Representation of Vastus Lateralis in Volleyball Players and its Relationship with Lower Limb Anthropometric Measurements https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/28 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Volleyball players rely heavily on their lower limb muscles to improve their performance. The purpose of this study is to link some anthropometric and physical characteristics to the vastus lateralis, a significant lower-limb muscle in trained volleyball players. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study included forty trained male volleyball players between the ages of 14 and 19, divided into three groups (14-15, 16-17, and 18-19). Anthropometry of the lower limbs, several physical performances, and electromyographic recordings of the vastus lateralis muscle using surface EMG (sEMG) were all measured. One-way Anova followed by post hoc (Scheffe) and Pearson’s correlation were performed by IBM SPSS v25. <strong>Results:</strong> There were significant differences in Lean Body Mass, Upper Leg length, Calf girth, Elastic Leg strength, Maximum Voluntary Contraction (MVC), and Muscle activity (RMS) (P&lt;0.05) among the three groups. MVC and RMS of the vastus lateralis were significantly correlated with Calf girth and elastic leg strength (P&lt;0.05). Furthermore, upper leg length was significantly correlated with both MVC and RMS (P&lt;0.05). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Volleyball is influenced by age and growth, as seen by larger stature, body mass, lean body mass, upper leg length, and elastic leg strength in players. Jumping ability is a critical aspect in volleyball performance, and it may be measured using elastic leg strength. Volleyball players' elastic leg strength improves in tandem with their vastus lateralis muscle activity.</p> Priyam Chatterjee, Anupam Bandyopadhyay Copyright (c) 2022 Priyam Chatterjee, Anupam Bandyopadhyay https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/28 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perfil Cineantropométrico, Composición Corporal Y Somatotipo Del Plantel De Fútbol Femenino De Primera División Y Reserva Del Club Estudiantes De Buenos Aires (Argentina) https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/29 <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Obtain the Kineanthropometric profile to know the body composition (emphasizing muscle and adipose mass) and the club of the club's women's football squad, in order to compare them with teams of similar level and elite. <strong>Methods: </strong>A descriptive transverse study was conducted and the anthropometric variables of restricted profile were measured in 32 players in accordance with the standards of the International Society for the advancement of kinetropometry (ISAK). The Kerr component method was used to obtain body composition and that of Heath-Carter to calculate the somatotype components. <strong>Results: </strong>Weight 58.92 ± 8.56 kg (mean ± ds); Size 160.43 ± 6.14 cm; BMI 22.88 ± 3.02; Muscle mass 41.54 ± 4.52 %; adipose mass 33.16 ± 5.17 %; Σ 6 folds 95.32 ± 27.61 mm; Somatotype 4.32-3.89-1.85, endomorph-mesomorphic classification.<strong> Conclusions: </strong>Muscle mass percentages are observed below and adipose dough above with respect to those of the teams compared, so it is necessary to increase the level of training since the improvement of these generates an advantage position for the practice of football . Longitudinal follow -up is necessary to generate a profile by position and greater studies to build those of the different levels of Argentine football.</p> Martínez Leandro Gabriel Copyright (c) 2022 Martínez Leandro Gabriel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/29 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Características Fisiológicas y Antropométricas de Selección Estatal de Muaythai de Nuevo León, México https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/30 <p>The performance of Muaythai athletes is determined by physiological and anthropometric characteristics, however, we have found an area of ​​opportunity in the search for these data, therefore, the information on the parameters that fighters must present according to this sport are from great importance. <strong>Objective:</strong> To know the state of mind, gastrointestinal symptoms and sleep, as well as physiological characteristics of heart rate variability, blood, urine, body composition and physical performance of athletes of the Muaythai State Selection of Nuevo León, Mexico heading to a Championship. National. <strong>Methods:</strong> Descriptive study with 17 athletes (13 men and 4 women) of the state Muaythai team of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico (Age: 18.65 ± 7.33 years, height: 168 ± 4.21 cm, training per week 12.62 ± 13.90 hours , competitions/year: 3.29 ± 1.79). At baseline, they answered three online questionnaires about mood, gastrointestinal symptoms, and sleep. Subsequently, a measurement of heart rate variability, blood and urine collection was performed. Body composition was assessed by anthropometry and a countermovement jump test was performed. <strong>Results:</strong> The urine presented a value of 1.028 ± 0.015 sg, as well as a weight of 64.01 ± 7.03 kg and 57.38 ± 6.73 kg, fat % of 10.11 ± 25.10% and 15.25 ± 3.27%, muscle % of 55.87 ± 5.88 and 38.86 ± 3.03 and a value of 30 ± 7.42 cm and 25.3 ± 9.08 cm in jump height for men and women, respectively. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The fighters are hypohydrated, as well as with a higher weight and fat mass, as well as a lower muscle mass and jump height compared to the various combat disciplines worldwide. Due to the above, it is necessary to establish specific parameters for Muaythai</p> Ana Durán-Suárez, Blanca Rocío Rangel-Colmenero, José Raúl Hoyos-Flores, German Hernández-Cruz, Rosa María Cruz-Castruita, Myriam Zaraí García-Dávila Copyright (c) 2022 Ana Durán-Suárez, Blanca Rocío Rangel-Colmenero, José Raúl Hoyos-Flores, German Hernández-Cruz, Rosa María Cruz-Castruita, Myriam Zaraí García-Dávila https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/30 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, Muscle Mass, and Somatotype of Young Adult Male Non-Elite Judokas According to Body Weight Categories in Merida, Mexico https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/31 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To evaluate and compare anthropometric characteristics, body fat mass, muscle mass, and somatotype of young adult non-elite male judokas of different body weight categories in Merida, Mexico. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study in 2019 selected 21 young adult non-elite male judoists aged 20 to 24 years. They were in three weight categories (≤73 kg, ≤81 kg, and ≤90 kg). Anthropometric measurements of height, weight, circumferences, skinfolds, and breadths were recorded. Derived parameters were body mass index (BMI), height-to-weight ratio, body fat (%), and muscle mass (kg and %). Phantom Z-score values (Zp) of anthropometric parameters and Somatotype were estimated. <strong>Results:</strong> Mean value of age of the judokas was 22.43 years. Athletes in the higher weight categories had elevated mean values of anthropometric characteristics in comparison with peers of lower weight categories. The judokas had endomorphic mesomorph somatotype (3.4-5.7-1.6); relative muscularity of the judosits was found to increase in the higher weight categories: 2.8-5.1-2.4 (≤73 kg), 3.5-5.5-1.6 (≤81 kg), and 3.6-6.7-0.9 (≤90 kg). BMI had positive correlation with endomorphy and mesomorphy and negative correlation with muscle mass (%) and ectomorphy. The Zp values of femur breadth and calf circumference were in between (±0.5). <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Predominance of muscle component and relatively lower body fat was the principal characteristics of physique of the participant judokas. Somatotype was found to be a more reliable indicator than BMI to distinguish between relative body fat and lean mass.</p> Sudip Datta Banik Copyright (c) 2022 Sudip Datta Banik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijok.org/index.php/ijok/article/view/31 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000