International Journal of Kinanthropometry International Journal of Kinanthropometry (IJK) is the official journal of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). The International Journal of Kinanthropometry is a Bilingual publication both in English and Spanish. The journal is an open-access peer-reviewed journal which will be published biannualy (June and December) The journal welcomes manuscripts on original research within the frame work of Kinanthropometry. en-US (Anup Adhikari Ph.D) (Support Team) Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Body Composition Assessment of University Athletes: Comparison Between the Data Obtained by Bioelectrical Impedance and by Anthropometry <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>To compare the values obtained of the most used practical methods in clinical practice, by bioelectrical impedance and by anthropometry of the body composition of university athletes. <strong>Methods: </strong>Observational analytical study whose sample included 26 athletes of a Portuguese university football team. The assessment of individuals’ body composition was executed through bioelectrical impedance and anthropometry by an ISAK level one anthropometrist accredited completing the inherent protocol. For the data analysis was considered a critical significance level of 5% for a confidence level of 95% to test the hypotheses between the variables under study and their correlations, Pearson's parametric test of linear correlation coefficient was applied. <strong>Results:</strong> The variability of body composition assessed in the sample is highlighted. Significant correlations were found for fat mass and skinfolds sum (r=0,782; p=&lt;0,001) as well as for individual skinfolds. Respectively through the elaboration of the scatter diagram, the following linear r<sup>2</sup>= 0.612 was obtained, representing the correlation between the variables. Similar correlations were found in the context of fat free mass and circumferences. However, in the case of the waist-to-hip ratio assessed by electrical bioimpedance and the waist-to-hip ratio assessed by anthropometry, there were lower correlations compared to the other parameters evaluated (r=0,441; p=0,036). <strong>Conclusion</strong>: It is intended to make it easier for interested sports professionals to select practical methods for assessing the body composition of their athletes, while eliminating the risk of selecting inappropriate methods. It is noted the possibility of replacing or complementing the bioelectrical impedance analysis with an accessible and viable anthropometric method such as the skinfolds sum, especially in teams with lower budgets like the university teams.</p> Bruno Abreu, Rafael Henriques, João Paulo Figueiredo, Helena Loureiro Copyright (c) 2022 Bruno Abreu, Rafael Henriques, João Paulo Figueiredo, Helena Loureiro Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison of Complex and Simple Anthropometrics in the Descriptive Anthropometric Assessment of Male Cyclists <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Compare the importance of complex (areas and volumes) and simple (lengths and girths) surface anthropometrics in the descriptive anthropometric assessment of the lower body of male cyclists from different disciplines. <strong>Method:</strong> Using a 3dMDBody5 3D surface imaging system and bespoke software (KinAnthroScan), anthropometrics of the lower body of 23 male non-cyclists and 57 elite male cyclists from different cycling disciplines: sprint (track and road (hill)), endurance (road, &gt; 50 miles), time trial (road, &lt; 50 miles) and mountain bike (cross-country and enduro) were collected. <strong>Results:</strong> Several anthropometrics differed between cycling groups and when compared to the non-cyclists group; the sprint group demonstrated the largest magnitude of difference with other cycling disciplines and the non-cyclists group, whereas the time trial and mountain bike groups demonstrated the least. Complex anthropometrics were able to distinguish between groups as effectively as simple anthropometrics, and in some cases, were able to distinguish differences that were unidentifiable through simple anthropometrics alone. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Researchers, anthropometrists and practitioners should consider the collection and use of complex anthropometrics to improve the understanding of anthropometric differences within descriptive anthropometry, alongside adopting caution when researching groups of cyclists from different disciplines due to their differing anthropometric profiles - categorising them by discipline when possible.</p> Alice M Bullas, Simon Choppin, Ben Heller, Jon Wheat Copyright (c) 2022 Alice M Bullas, Simon Choppin, Ben Heller, Jon Wheat Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Comparative Study of Selected Anthropometric and Physiological Variables Among Indian National Paddlers <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Canoeing and Kayaking are water sports featured by skill and endurance. Physiological and anthropometric variables play a substantial role in almost all games and sports and Canoeing and Kayaking could not be segregated from them. Several researches had been carried out in the field of Canoeing and Kayaking including anthropometric and physiological characteristics but very scanty account of these studies was concentrated on Indian paddlers. Hence, our study aimed at assessing the anthropometric and physiological profiles of Indian male and female Canoers and Kayakers and determining and explaining the differences between these groups. <strong>Method: </strong>Anthropometric parameters were measured according to standard protocols followed by ISAK manual. Body density was predicted using Durnin and Womersley equation (1974) and body fat % using the Siri method (1956). VO<sub>2max </sub>was predicted from Multi-Stage Fitness Test (MSRT). <strong>Results:</strong> Lean body mass was found to be higher in Kayakers than Canoers. Body fat percentage was found to be significantly higher among female Kayakers than female Canoers which was 26.53±4.28 and 18.96±1.54 respectively. Physiological variables when concerned showed that relative back strength and oxygen consumption of female Canoers were significantly higher than that of female Kayakers which were 2.22±0.14 kg, 45.20±2.17ml/min/kg and 1.83±0.18kg, 40.71±2.87ml/min/kg respectively. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> It had been found that both male and female Kayakers were found to be taller and heavier than the male and female Canoers respectively<strong>.</strong></p> Harshdeep Singh Dhanjal, Shreya Sinha, Snehunsu Adhikari Copyright (c) 2022 Harshdeep Singh Dhanjal, Shreya Sinha, Snehunsu Adhikari Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Descriptive and Correlative Analysis of Anthropometric, Physiological and Nutritional Characteristics in University Students from Morelia, Mexico <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of mortality in the world. Among NCD varieties, obesity is a public health problem around the world, but it is especially important in poor or developing countries. The aim of this study is to explore the body composition, physical activity and food diversity in university students from Morelia, Mexico. <strong>Method:</strong> A cross sectional study was conducted with 422 students of university level. We used bioimpedance and anthropometry to determine the body composition of the students. The physical activity was analyzed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), while the food diversity was assessed by the guidelines for measuring household and individual dietary diversity of the Food and Agriculture Organization. <strong>Results:</strong> A matrix of 16 anthropometric variables was reduced to three principal components with a variance accumulate of 88.04% to women and 78.9% to men. We were able to separate groups of women based on anthropometric variables. In men, the percentage of muscle is the variable that most influences the separation of groups. The physical activity ranges from moderate to high; on average it was 5028.4 and 4449.4 MET-minutes/week for men and women respectively. A high food diversity and equitability of consumption was found, the socioeconomic level of the students does not allow inferring food insecurity. In men we found more associated variables than in women and we found no relationship with dietary diversity. We found statistically significant relationships between chronological age and metabolic age in both sexes, but we did not find a relationship between actual weight and ideal weight. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> In conclusion, we describe the body composition, anthropometry, physical activity and food diversity of university students.</p> Erasto Hernández-Calderón, África Itzu Luna Rueda, Juan Carlos de la Cruz Castillo Pinea, Olga Ivalú Larios Togo, Daniela Lara y Sánchez Copyright (c) 2022 Erasto Hernández-Calderón, África Itzu Luna Rueda, Juan Carlos de la Cruz Castillo Pinea, Olga Ivalú Larios Togo, Daniela Lara y Sánchez Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Human Body Shape Variation of Bangladeshi Young Men Aged 20 -25 Years <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Describing the varieties of the human body shape is in a general sense essential to numerous applications going from liveliness to item plan. This research is aimed to develop the types of men’s human body shapes available in Bangladesh. <strong>Methods:</strong> Bangladesh has more than 5000 garment factories. To create a loyal customer and own brand in Bangladesh it is very much important to have a specific size chart for this country. To develop a specific size chart, the 1st attempts to detect the body shape variation. <strong>Results:</strong> In this research, the authors took 500 men’s human body from different regions of Bangladesh to detect the human shape. Most of the body age is limit to 20-25 years old. After putting all the summarized data in the X and Y graph the author tries to detect the body shape types available in Bangladesh. Conclusion: The final results of this research will help to develop the size chart individually for different types of men’s body.</p> Md. Eanamul Haque Nizam, Usama bin Shahid, Md. Naimur Hassan, Khondokar Rafikul Islam, Shadiya Sultana Riya, Ashraful Momin, Darko Ujevic Copyright (c) 2022 Md. Eanamul Haque Nizam, Usama bin Shahid, Md. Naimur Hassan, Khondokar Rafikul Islam, Shadiya Sultana Riya, Ashraful Momin, Darko Ujevic Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison of Body Composition Among the Selected Groups of Female Kabaddi Players <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The aim of the present study was to find out the Body Composition of female Kabaddi players, It was also to compare the body composition characteristics among the groups of female kabaddi players<strong>.</strong> <strong>Method</strong>: A total of 101 national and University-level female Kabaddi players were selected as subjects for the study. Most of them were national-level players and very few were university-level players, the age range of the subjects was 18 years to 25 years. The subjects were taken from the East Zone of India. The subjects had experience in competitive Kabaddi for 10-12 years and also they were active in playing Kabaddi. After observing each subject’s playing position, subject’s view, and coach’s concern, they were divided into three groups Raider, Defender, and All-rounder. The Body Composition was considered as BMI, Body Density, % of Body Fat, Total Body Fat, and Lean Body Mass. Mean, Standard Deviation, Percentage, and One-Way ANOVA were calculated to differentiate among the groups. <strong>Result</strong>: The result concluded that the BMI of all female Kabaddi players was in the normal range. The Body Fat Percentage of female raider, defender and all-rounder Kabaddi players were 23.34 %, 24.7 %, and 23.8 % respectively. Lean Body Mass of female raider, defender, and all-rounder kabaddi players were 42.94 kg, 42.05 kg, and 42.82 kg respectively. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: Lastly, there were no significant differences among the different groups in the body composition characteristics of female kabaddi players.</p> Mithun Chandra Roy, Susanta Sarkar Copyright (c) 2022 Mithun Chandra Roy, Susanta Sarkar Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Somatotype and Anthropometric characteristics of Indian Female Rowers <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Eighteen national-level Indian Female Rowers were studied for their somatotype and anthropometric characteristics as performance in Rowing as performance level in rowing depends on physical and anthropometrical characteristics besides other factors including skill. <strong>Material and Methods: </strong>Height and weight were measured according to the methods standardized by The International Society for The Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). Somatotype was calculated using Heath-Carter (1967) method. <strong>Results: </strong>Average height and weight of the Indian national-level Female Rowers were 167.8 ±4.1 (160.7-174.0) cm and 59.5±6.5 (47.7-69.3) kg respectively. The average Somatotype of the Indian National level female Rowers was 5.4 (±1.0)-3.2(±0.8)-1.6(±0.9) with a range between 3.8-1.8-1.6 and 6.9-4.6-4.9. <strong>Conclusion: Average </strong>Mesomorphic Endomorh body type with less muscularity on average was observed for the Indian national Female Rowers. Poor muscularity and less height might be one reason besides other factors a reason for poor performance of Indian Female Rowers in Olympic and other International competitions.</p> Anup Adhikari, Debaarati Chakrabarti Copyright (c) 2022 Anup Adhikari, Debaarati Chakrabarti Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000