Anthropometric and Somatotype Characteristics of Top Elite Turkish National Jumpers

Seyed Houtan Shahidi
Faculty of Sports Science, Department of Sports Coaching, Istanbul Gedik University, Istanbul, Turkey
Mikail Yalçın
Faculty of Sports Science, Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Istanbul Gedik University, Istanbul, Turkey
Francis E. Holway
International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (Level 4 anthropometrist), Buenos Aires, Argentina

Published 30-12-2023


  • Body mass index,
  • Morphological Characteristics,
  • Track and Field,
  • Body Composition

How to Cite

Shahidi, S. H., Yalçın, M., & E. Holway, F. (2023). Anthropometric and Somatotype Characteristics of Top Elite Turkish National Jumpers. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 3(2), 45–55.



Introduction: This study aims to comprehensively investigate the anthropometric and somatotype characteristics of elite Turkish national jumpers specializing in high jump, long jump, pole vault, and triple jump disciplines. Recognizing the fundamental significance of body composition and somatotype in athletic performance, the research delves into the intricate interplay between these attributes, and competitive accomplishments. Methods: Leveraging a cohort of 13 national athletes, comprising six females and seven males, the methodology involves the application of standardized anthropometric measurements and the Heath-Carter method for somatotype assessment. Results: The outcomes illuminate distinct profiles, featuring lower body fat percentages in Turkish elite jumpers when compared to existing studies. Additionally, the study reveals gender-specific variations in muscle mass and discerns unique somatotype patterns within the cohort. Significantly, somatotype scores align with global trends observed in elite high jump athletes, emphasizing universal patterns among top-level performers. Comparative analyses with international studies further underscore commonalities in somatotype components among elite athletes. Furthermore, it was discerned that the top jumpers in both genders exhibited lower body height and body weight in comparison to their elite high-jumping counterparts. This research contributes to a refined understanding of the morphological intricacies associated with proficiency in these disciplines, offering valuable insights for optimizing training regimens. Conclusion: In summary, the study underscores the pivotal role played by anthropometric and somatotype characteristics in shaping the success of top elite Turkish national jumpers.


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