Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, Muscle Mass, and Somatotype of Young Adult Male Non-Elite Judokas According to Body Weight Categories in Merida, Mexico

Sudip Datta Banik
Department of Human Ecology, Cinvestav del IPN, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico

Published 30-06-2022


  • Judo,
  • Body Fat,
  • Muscularity,
  • Enodmorphy,
  • Mesomorphy,
  • Ectomorphy
  • ...More

How to Cite

Banik, S. D. (2022). Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, Muscle Mass, and Somatotype of Young Adult Male Non-Elite Judokas According to Body Weight Categories in Merida, Mexico. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 2(1), 61–69.



Aim: To evaluate and compare anthropometric characteristics, body fat mass, muscle mass, and somatotype of young adult non-elite male judokas of different body weight categories in Merida, Mexico. Methods: A cross-sectional study in 2019 selected 21 young adult non-elite male judoists aged 20 to 24 years. They were in three weight categories (≤73 kg, ≤81 kg, and ≤90 kg). Anthropometric measurements of height, weight, circumferences, skinfolds, and breadths were recorded. Derived parameters were body mass index (BMI), height-to-weight ratio, body fat (%), and muscle mass (kg and %). Phantom Z-score values (Zp) of anthropometric parameters and Somatotype were estimated. Results: Mean value of age of the judokas was 22.43 years. Athletes in the higher weight categories had elevated mean values of anthropometric characteristics in comparison with peers of lower weight categories. The judokas had endomorphic mesomorph somatotype (3.4-5.7-1.6); relative muscularity of the judosits was found to increase in the higher weight categories: 2.8-5.1-2.4 (≤73 kg), 3.5-5.5-1.6 (≤81 kg), and 3.6-6.7-0.9 (≤90 kg). BMI had positive correlation with endomorphy and mesomorphy and negative correlation with muscle mass (%) and ectomorphy. The Zp values of femur breadth and calf circumference were in between (±0.5). Conclusions: Predominance of muscle component and relatively lower body fat was the principal characteristics of physique of the participant judokas. Somatotype was found to be a more reliable indicator than BMI to distinguish between relative body fat and lean mass.


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