Diagnóstico y clasificación del sobrepeso y la obesidad: comparación de criterios

Zaira Roca-Reina
Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent Del Raspeig. Alicante, España.
Mar Lozano-Casanova
Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent Del Raspeig. Alicante, España.
José Miguel Martínez-Sanz
Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent Del Raspeig. Alicante, España
Ana Gutierrez-Hervás
Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent Del Raspeig. Alicante, España.
José Antonio Hurtado-Sánchez
Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent Del Raspeig. Alicante, España
Isabel Sospedra
Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent Del Raspeig. Alicante, España

Dimensions

Plum Analytics

Abstract

Introduction: Child overweight and obesity has become one of the main public health problems. There are several causes and factors which take part in the development of this pathology and influence their emergence at early ages, which adds complexity to prevention strategies and treatment. Therefore, it is of interest to have accurate criteria and tools which permit us to establish rapid diagnoses. The target is to describe and compare the different diagnosis reference/criteria to diagnose overweight and obesity in children (from 0 to 18 years old), as well as assess the similarities and differences among them to select the most suitable one to obtain a diagnosis among the Spanish population. Methods: 568 articles have been located and after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, four applicable systems/criteria have been selected for the diagnosis of overweight and obesity in the Spanish population. Results: The study of the selected criteria has shown differences in the population used for their development, in the ages for which they are recommended, in the criteria used for the diagnosis of overweight and obesity and also in the type and quantity of measures necessary to make a correct diagnosis. Conclusion: All systems have both, advantages and limitations so in each specific study it is advisable to analyze which is the most appropriate criteria depending on the study population and the objectives.

Keywords

  • Sobrepeso infantil,
  • Obesidad infantil,
  • Diagnóstico,
  • Criterios,
  • Tablas de referencia
  • Child,
  • Overweight,
  • Obesity,
  • Diagnosis,
  • Criteria,
  • Reference charts
  • ...More
    Less

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How to Cite

Roca-Reina, Z., Lozano-Casanova, M., Martínez-Sanz, J. M., Gutierrez-Hervás, A., Hurtado-Sánchez, J. A., & Sospedra, I. (2022). Diagnóstico y clasificación del sobrepeso y la obesidad: comparación de criterios. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 2(1), 2–12. https://doi.org/10.34256/ijk2212