Influence of Kinanthopometric Profile of National Level Male Judo Players of Tamil Nadu on Performance

Nirmal Raj S
Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Muthukumaran Jothilingam
Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Praveen Vasanthan Murugan
The Oxford College of Physiotherapy, TOMC&RC, Hongasandra, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560068, India

Published 30-04-2024


  • Judo players,
  • Body composition,
  • Height,
  • Weight,
  • Performance

How to Cite

S, N. R., Jothilingam, M., & Murugan, P. V. (2024). Influence of Kinanthopometric Profile of National Level Male Judo Players of Tamil Nadu on Performance. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 4(1), 86–95.



Introduction: Anthropometric Aspects and Body composition are the crucial factors in explaining human physical status. Anthropometric advantage, a non-modifiable factor, significantly contributed to athletes' success in sports. The present study was studied to find out the relationship between the Kinanthopometric profiles and performance level of National-level male Judo players from Tamil Nadu, India. Method: 30 male Judo players were measured for their anthropometric parameters. Height, weight, circumferences, and skinfold thickness at various sites were measured. Body density was calculated, and body fat % was determined using Siri's Equation. A special Judo fitness test involved throwing partners using the ippon-seoi-nage technique in three periods with heart rate checks, and an index was calculated based on total throws and heart rate values. Results: An average height of 158.1 (± 8.5) cm was observed in the present study whereas that of weight was 63.7 (± 7.3) kg. Judo players were categorized into   Endomorphic (30%), Mesomorphic (36.7 %) and Ectomorphic (33.4 %) body type. Mesomorphic players showed good performance, Ectomorphic players showed average performance, and Endomorphic players displayed poor performance when performances were analyzed using the Special Judo Fitness Test. This underscored a potential link between body type and Judo performance. Conclusion:  The study concluded that body composition has a high impact on physical fitness and sports performance.


  1. Ackland, T. R., Lohman, T. G., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Maughan, R. J., Meyer, N. L., Stewart, A. D., & Müller, W. (2012). Current status of body composition assessment in sport: Review and position statement on behalf of the ad hoc research working group on body composition health and performance, under the auspices of the I.O.C. Medical Commission. Sports Medicine, 42(3): 227-249.
  2. Ali, P. N., Hanachi, P., & Nejad, N. R. (2010). The Relation of Body Fats, Anthropometric Factor and Physiological Functions of Iranian Female National Judo Team. Modern Applied Science, 4: 25-29.
  3. Artioli, G. G., Franchini, E., Nicastro, H., Sterkowicz, S., Solis, M. Y., & Lancha, A. H. (2010). The need of a weight management control program in Judo: A proposal based on the successful case of wrestling. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 7: 15.
  4. Campa, F., Piras, A., Raffi, M., & Toselli, S. (2019). Functional movement patterns and body composition of High-Level volleyball, soccer, and rugby players. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 28(7): 740-745.
  5. Çıkmaz, S., Taşkınalp, O., Uluçam, E., Yılmaz, A., & Çakıroğlu, M. (2005). Anthropometric measurements and body proportions in football players. Balkan Medical Journal, 1: 32-36.
  6. Degoutte, F., Jouanel, P., & Filaire, E. (2003). Energy demands during a Judo match and recovery. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(3): 245-249.
  7. Drapsin, M., Drid, P., Grujic, N., & Trivic, T. (2009). Fitness level of male competitive Judo players. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts, 1: 27-29.
  8. Esparza-Ros, F. (2016). Protocolo Internacional Para la Valoración Antropométrica. Murcia, Spain.
  9. Franchini, E., Bertuzzi, R. C. M., Takito, M. Y., et al. (2009). Effects of recovery type after a Judo match on blood lactate and performance in specific and non-specific Judo tasks. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 107(4): 377-383.
  10. Franchini, E., Del Vecchio, F. B., Julio, U. F., Matheus, L., & Candau, R. (2015). Specificity of performance adaptations to a periodized Judo training program. Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte, 8: 67-72.
  11. Khan, Z., & Raja, W. H. (2016). Kinanthopometric Profile and Physical Performance of Athletic Track Events in Relation to Different Athletes. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(13), 106-108.
  12. Masanovic, B., Bavcevic, T., & Bavcevic, I. (2019). Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between junior soccer and volleyball players from the Serbian National league. Sport Mont, 17(1): 9-14.
  13. Sidhu, J. S. (2009). Kinanthopometric measurements in players of athletics and boxing-a comparative study. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy, 5(1): 56-61.
  14. Sterkowicz, S. (1995). The special Judo fitness test. Anthropomotoryka, 12(13): 29-44.
  15. Tremblay, M. (2012). Letter to the editor: Standardized use of the terms "sedentary" and "sedentary behaviours." Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 37: 540-542.
  16. Tremblay, M., Aubert, S., Barnes, J.D., Saunders, T.J., Carson, V., Latimer-Cheung, A. E., Cheung, Sebastien F.M.C., Teatske M.A., & Mai J.M. (2017). Sedentary Behavior Research [SBRN]-Terminology Consensus Project process and outcome. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14: 1-17.